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My Memories of Assassination and Attempted Assassination in Dallas in 1963. Kennedy - Oswald - Walker

I believe the above photo of General Walker, on the left,
was taken in front of Little Rock Central High School in 1957

In the fall of 1964 I was attending a very small private college in Brookhaven, Mississippi (Whitworth College). The school a very old college dated back to the Elizabeth Female Academy in the 1800's. It only had about 30 students at that time and not too many years after my graduation in 1965 would close its doors forever. That fall in 1964, I was a young man recently out of the military and in my third year. I was loaded up with political science courses and my favorite professor, Dr Caskey, was an old man who had taught for many years at Mississippi College in the Jackson area. He retired from there because of his age, but like many older people couldn't stay away from his chosen profession--teaching. So he took a position at the then struggling school, Whitworth College, where I first met him. The old man had many political connections and for some unknown reason took a liking to me and my parents who lived in Brookhaven. I could go on with many details of this relationship, but to shorten this story I'll quickly get to the point. Dr. Caskey was a close personal friend of Governor Ross Barnett and it was through this connection that General Walker was invited to speak at our campus as small as it was.

I remember the night clearly, as if it were yesterday. The auditorium, a large building that still stands near the center of Brookhaven was only sparsely populated that evening when General Walker, Former Governor Ross Barnett and Dr. Caskey entered thought a side door and ascended to the stage. Dr. Caskey introduced the Governor and the Governor then introduced General Walker---the applause was polite, but not deafening. Walker spoke for some time and I remember only bits and pieces of the actual text. It was primarily about the threat of communism and what he saw as a communist leaning media and communist in high places in the government. After the speech I was honored with a personal introduction to the Governor and to General Walker and was filled with youthful pride when Dr Caskey referred to me as his best student. And then I shook the hand of this great "Right Wing Extremist", Major General Edwin Walker. A man who, just a little over a year earlier had been in the cross-hairs of Lee Harvey Oswald. Oswald fired a single shot at the general with the same weapon he would later kill President Kennedy with, missing only because the bullet was deflected by the wooden frame of the window.


It was indeed ironic that the man who ordered by way of his Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara; that General Walker should be releaved of his command as commander of the 24th Infantry Division in Germany in 1961, and then reassigned to a somewhat obscure post in Hawaii, would be targeted and killed by the same assassin that attempted the assassination of General Walker.

I haven't thought about this meeting for many years, but this evening while driving by the old campus that day suddenly came into focus again, so decided to share it with my readers.

by Ron Russell
If you read the below bio bear in mind that is is taken from "Wikipedia" so you are reading something that could have been written by the MSM, it other words its slanted stongly to the left. General Walker's positions were not that radical for the time he lived in except when viewed by those on the then political left. So give this American war hero a break. He was not perfect, but is owed respect by the citizens of the country for which he fought.
Major Gereral Edwin A. Walker
Place of birth Center Point, Texas
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Rank Major General
Commands held 24th Infantry Division
Battles/wars World War II
Korean War
Major General Edwin Anderson Walker (November 10, 1909 – October 31, 1993) of the U.S. Army was known for his conservative political views and for being an attempted assassination target of Lee Harvey Oswald.

Early life and military career
Edwin "Ted" Walker was born in Center Point, Texas and graduated from the New Mexico Military Institute in 1927. He then attended the United States Military Academy, where he graduated in 1931.[1] During World War II, Walker commanded a subunit of the Canadian-American First Special Service Force in the invasion of Anzio, Italy in January 1944. In August 1944, Walker succeeded Robert T. Frederick as the unit's commanding officer. The FSSF landed on the Hyeres Islands off of the French Riviera, taking out a strong German garrison.

Walker again saw combat in the Korean War, commanding the Third Infantry Division's Seventh Infantry and was senior advisor to the First Korean Corps. He next became the commander of the Arkansas Military district in Little Rock, Arkansas. During his years in Arkansas, he implemented an order from President Eisenhower in 1957 to quell civil disturbances during the desegregation of Central High School in Little Rock.

In 1959, General Walker was sent to Germany to command the 24th Infantry Division. In 1961, however, he became involved in controversy. Walker initiated an anti-communist indoctrination program for troops called "Pro Blue" (due to Free World troops being coloured blue on maps)[2] and was accused of distributing right-wing literature from the John Birch Society to the soldiers of his division. He was also quoted by a newspaper, the Overseas Weekly, as saying that Harry S. Truman, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Dean Acheson were "definitely pink." Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara relieved Walker of his command, while an inquiry was conducted, and in October Walker was reassigned to Hawaii to become assistant chief of staff for training and operations in the Pacific. Instead, Walker resigned from the Army on November 2, 1961. Said Walker: "It will be my purpose now, as a civilian, to attempt to do what I have found it no longer possible to do in uniform."[3]

In February 1962, Walker entered the race for Governor of Texas, but finished last among six candidates in a Democratic primary election in May that was won by John Connally.[4]

Walker organized protests in September 1962 against the use of federal troops to enforce the enrollment of African-American James Meredith at the racially segregated University of Mississippi. His public statement on September 29:

This is Edwin A. Walker. I am in Mississippi beside Gov. Ross Barnett. I call for a national protest against the conspiracy from within. Rally to the cause of freedom in righteous indignation, violent vocal protest, and bitter silence under the flag of Mississippi at the use of Federal troops. This today is a disgrace to the nation in 'dire peril,' a disgrace beyond the capacity of anyone except its enemies. This is the conspiracy of the crucifixion by anti-Christ conspirators of the Supreme Court in their denial of prayer and their betrayal of a nation.[5]

After a violent, 15-hour riot broke out on the campus, on September 30, in which two people were killed and six federal marshals were shot, Walker was arrested on four federal charges, including insurrection against the United States. Walker posted bond and returned home to Dallas, where he was greeted by a crowd of 200 supporters.[6] After a federal grand jury adjourned in January 1963 without indicting him, the charges were dropped. Because the dismissal of the charges was without prejudice, the charges could have been reinstated within five years.[7]

[edit] Assassination attempt
It was around this time that Walker got Lee Harvey Oswald's attention. Oswald, a self-proclaimed Marxist,[8] considered Walker a "fascist" and the leader of a "fascist organization."[9] A front page story on Walker in the October 7, 1962, issue of the Worker, a Communist Party newspaper to which Oswald subscribed, warned "the Kennedy administration and the American people of the need for action against [Walker] and his allies." On October 8, Oswald quit his job and moved to Dallas, with no explanation. Five days after the front page news on January 22, 1963 that Walker's federal charges had been dropped,[10] Oswald ordered a revolver by mail, using the alias "A.J. Hidell."[11]

In February 1963, Walker was making news by joining forces with evangelist Billy James Hargis in an anti-communist tour called "Operation Midnight Ride".[12] In a speech Walker made on March 5, reported in the Dallas Times Herald, he called on the United States military to "liquidate the scourge that has descended upon the island of Cuba."[13] Seven days later, Oswald ordered by mail a Mannlicher-Carcano rifle, using the alias "A. Hidell."[14]

Oswald began to put Walker under surveillance, taking pictures of Walker's Dallas home on the weekend of March 9–10.[15] He planned the assassination for April 10, ten days after he was fired from the photography firm where he worked. He told his wife later that he chose a Wednesday evening because the neighborhood would be relatively crowded because of services in a church adjacent to Walker's home; he would not stand out and could mingle with the crowds if necessary to make his escape. He left a note in Russian for his wife Marina with instructions should he be caught.[16] Walker was sitting at a desk in his dining room when Oswald fired at him from less than a hundred feet (30 m) away. Walker survived only because the bullet struck the wooden frame of the window, which deflected its path. However, he was injured in the forearm by fragments.

At the time, authorities had no idea who attempted to kill Walker. A police detective, D.E. McElroy, commented that "Whoever shot at the general was playing for keeps. The sniper wasn't trying to scare him. He was shooting to kill."

Marina Oswald stated later that she had seen Oswald burn most of his plans in the bathtub, though she hid the note he left her in a cookbook, with the intention of bringing it to the police should Oswald again attempt to kill Walker or anyone else. Marina later quoted her husband as saying, "Well, what would you say if somebody got rid of Hitler at the right time? So if you don't know about General Walker, how can you speak up on his behalf?"[17] Oswald's involvement in the attempt on Walker's life was suspected within hours of his arrest on November 22, 1963, following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.[18] But police had no evidence of Oswald's involvement in the Walker attempt until early December 1963, when the note and some of the photos were found by authorities. The bullet was too badly damaged to run conclusive ballistics tests, but neutron activation tests later determined that it was "extremely likely" the bullet was a Mannlicher-Carcano bullet manufactured by the Western Cartridge Company, the same ammunition used in the Kennedy assassination.[19]

Oswald later wrote to Arnold Johnson of the Communist Party, U.S.A., that on the evening of October 23, 1963 he had attended an "ultra right" meeting headed by Gen. Edwin A. Walker.[20]

[edit] Associated Press v. Walker
Angered by negative publicity he was receiving for his conservative political views, Walker began to file libel lawsuits against various media outlets. One of these suits was in response to coverage of his participation in the University of Mississippi riot, specifically that he had "led a charge of students against federal marshals" and that he had "assumed command of the crowd."[21] A Texas trial court in 1964 found the statements false and defamatory.[22] The decision was appealed, as Associated Press v. Walker, all the way to the United States Supreme Court,[23] but the Court ruled against Walker and found that although the statements may have been false, the Associated Press was not guilty of reckless disregard in their reporting about Walker. The Court, which had previously said that public officials could not recover damages unless they could prove actual malice, extended this to public figures as well.

[edit] Later life
By resigning instead of retiring, Walker was unable to draw a pension from the Army. He made statements at the time to the Dallas Morning News that he had "refused" to take his pension. The Army restored his pension rights in 1982. He had made several previous requests for his pension dating back to 1973. read more
Several more points before I close this story. While thinking about those now distant events I recalled hearing about the assassination attempt on General Walker who was at that time a target of the major networks--only three at that time NBC, CBS and ABC, those were the MSM of the day for that's about all their was. But back to the point I was making. The reports coming over the evening news implied that General Walker probably staged the event in order to draw more attention to himself. This line of thinking and reporting by the MSM was common even back then. On the day of the Kennedy assassination, one of the first things to come across from the network news, while the fate of Kennedy was still unknown, was a comment made by one of the commenter's on the major networks and I remember it clearly, "Dallas has been a hotbed of "right wing activity". Plainly pointing the finger at those like General Walker and the groups associated with him. Of course, when it was learned that Oswald was a committed communist all talk of the right wing conspiracy vanished. A left wing or communist conspiracy idea however never was mentioned. A shudder to think what would have happened if Osward had been a member of some right wing group. But those groups who Oswald associated with were seldom mentioned and the lone gunman story prevailed and that story was adopted by the Warren Commission and the MSM who drove public opinion in those days. Walker continued to be a target of the MSM of that day for a number of years, much as Sarah Palin is today. This was the state of the news in the early and mid 1960's sadly things haven't changed much and the MSM still continues its attacks on those it sees as a threat to their way of thinking, but happily today we do have FOX News and talk radio. Neither of those two existed at that time, so I suppose things have changed to some degree.

In the months and weeks before the fateful November 22nd, 1963, Dallas was brewing with political passions, a city crammed with larger-than-life characters dead-set against the Kennedy presidency. These included rabid warriors like defrocked military general Edwin A. Walker; the world's richest oil baron, H. L. Hunt; the leader of the largest Baptist congregation in the world, W.A. Criswell; and the media mogul Ted Dealey, who raucously confronted JFK and whose family name adorns the plaza where the president was murdered. On the same stage was a compelling cast of marauding gangsters, swashbuckling politicos, unsung civil rights heroes, and a stylish millionaire anxious to save his doomed city. Bill Minutaglio and Steven L. Davis ingeniously explore the swirling forces that led many people to warn President Kennedy to avoid Dallas on his fateful trip to Texas. Breathtakingly paced, DALLAS 1963 presents a clear, cinematic, and revelatory look at the shocking tragedy that transformed America. Countless authors have attempted to explain the assassination, but no one has ever bothered to explain Dallas-until now. With spellbinding storytelling, Minutaglio and Davis lead us through intimate glimpses of the Kennedy family and the machinations of the Kennedy White House, to the obsessed men in Dallas who concocted the climate of hatred that led many to blame the city for the president's death. Here at long last is an accurate understanding of what happened in the weeks and months leading to John F. Kennedy's assassination. DALLAS 1963 is not only a fresh look at a momentous national tragedy but a sobering reminder of how radical, polarizing ideologies can poison a city-and a nation.
 
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RON RUSSELL

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